Recently, I decided to transfer all my websites based on a combination of Jekyll + GitHub + GitHub Pages, from fully automatic building with capabilities of GitHub Pages hosting to manual building on my laptop MacBook Pro with macOS Catalina 10.15. In this article I will show you how to install in macOS the tools necessary for local work with websites built on the Jekyll platform. Let’s begin.
I have ready-made websites built on the Jekyll platform; version 3.8.6, at the time of the post writing. Until now, the function of building websites from source code I trusted to the GitHub Pages hosting, it does it automatically, I also didn’t use the preview function, as the websites were already well established and the changes, which I contributed were of the same type (mainly the publication of new articles), so the probability of a mistake was very small. But over the years, websites are getting complicated and now it’s time to build websites myself, locally, on my MacBook Pro laptop with macOS Catalina 10.15. In the instructions below I will describe the installation process on macOS of the command line tools necessary for working with websites built on the Jekyll platform (the so-called “Jekyll installation”).
In order to install all the necessary tools, which are needed to work with Jekyll on macOS (in my case on a MacBook Pro laptop with macOS Catalina 10.15, but it could be an Apple server), we will use Terminal. This application does not need to be downloaded and installed from anywhere, it already comes with macOS, i.e it is already preinstalled. If this is your first time dealing with Terminal, not be afraid it, just do everything as in my instruction and you will succeed! Installation of Jekyll is a really easy process. Now let’s get started :)
Now we need to install the command line tools, in order to be able to compile native extensions.
To install, enter the following command and press the Enter key.
Click the Install button.
Agree to the “Licence Agreement” by clicking the Agree button.
Will begin the automatic search, download and installation of tools. Let the installation do its work and don’t interrupt it. This can take a while, so be patient. In my case, it took a little less than 20 minutes, so don’t be scared if at the beginning you will see the indicated download time more than 2 hours :)
Click the Done button when the installation is complete.
Jekyll is written on Ruby therefore we need to install Ruby. I skipped the installation of Ruby since macOS Catalina 10.15 comes with preinstalled Ruby 2.6.3, when Jekyll requires Ruby 2.4.0. or newer, so in my case everything is fine. If you have macOS earlier than Catalina 10.15 then you need to install/upgrade Ruby.
Now we can install Bundler (using a bundler is not a requirement, but it is recommended) and Jekyll. To do this, enter the following command in Terminal and press the Enter key.
gem install --user-install bundler jekyll
And then watching the installation process.
Fetching bundler-2.1.4.gem WARNING: You don't have /Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/ruby/2.6.0/bin in your PATH, gem executables will not run. Successfully installed bundler-2.1.4 Parsing documentation for bundler-2.1.4 Installing ri documentation for bundler-2.1.4 Done installing documentation for bundler after 3 seconds Fetching public_suffix-4.0.3.gem Fetching addressable-2.7.0.gem Fetching colorator-1.1.0.gem Fetching http_parser.rb-0.6.0.gem Fetching eventmachine-1.2.7.gem Fetching em-websocket-0.5.1.gem Fetching concurrent-ruby-1.1.5.gem Fetching i18n-1.8.2.gem Fetching ffi-1.12.1.gem Fetching sassc-2.2.1.gem Fetching jekyll-sass-converter-2.0.1.gem Fetching rb-fsevent-0.10.3.gem Fetching rb-inotify-0.10.1.gem Fetching listen-3.2.1.gem Fetching jekyll-watch-2.2.1.gem Fetching kramdown-2.1.0.gem Fetching kramdown-parser-gfm-1.1.0.gem Fetching liquid-4.0.3.gem Fetching mercenary-0.3.6.gem Fetching forwardable-extended-2.6.0.gem Fetching pathutil-0.16.2.gem Fetching rouge-3.15.0.gem Fetching safe_yaml-1.0.5.gem Fetching unicode-display_width-1.6.1.gem Fetching jekyll-3.8.6.gem Fetching terminal-table-1.8.0.gem Successfully installed public_suffix-4.0.3 Successfully installed addressable-2.7.0 Successfully installed colorator-1.1.0 Building native extensions. This could take a while... Successfully installed http_parser.rb-0.6.0 Building native extensions. This could take a while... Successfully installed eventmachine-1.2.7 Successfully installed em-websocket-0.5.1 Successfully installed concurrent-ruby-1.1.5 ... Done installing documentation for public_suffix, addressable, colorator, http_parser.rb, eventmachine, em-websocket, concurrent-ruby, i18n, ffi, sassc, jekyll-sass-converter, rb-fsevent, rb-inotify, listen, jekyll-watch, kramdown, kramdown-parser-gfm, liquid, mercenary, forwardable-extended, pathutil, rouge, safe_yaml, unicode-display_width, terminal-table, jekyll after 50 seconds 27 gems installed
Now we need to update the global variable
PATH so that the path to
Gem leads to our user home directory.
To do this, we first find out the version number of Ruby that is installed in the system using the following command in Terminal:
ruby 2.6.3p62 (2019-04-16 revision 67580) [universal.x86_64-darwin19]
From the output of the command we see that in my case Ruby version 2.6.3 is installed.
Now add our path to the
Gem file by entering the following command in Terminal, in which we replace
X.X with the first 2 digits of the Ruby version number in our system:
Warning! Do not forget to replace
X.X.0to the Ruby version number in your system, before you press the Enter key. In my case, the version of Ruby is 2.6.3p62 and therefore the command looks like this:
Note! In order to enter numbers instead of X in Terminal, use the arrows on the keyboard, the mouse does not work in Terminal.
To make sure that the previous step done correctly and the path to
Gem now leads to our user home directory we will enter the following command:
RubyGems Environment: - RUBYGEMS VERSION: 3.0.3 - RUBY VERSION: 2.6.3 (2019-04-16 patchlevel 62) [universal.x86_64-darwin19] - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /Library/Ruby/Gems/2.6.0 - USER INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/ruby/2.6.0 - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.6/usr/bin/ruby - GIT EXECUTABLE: /usr/bin/git - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /usr/local/bin - SPEC CACHE DIRECTORY: /Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/specs - SYSTEM CONFIGURATION DIRECTORY: /Library/Ruby/Site - RUBYGEMS PLATFORMS: - ruby - universal-darwin-19 - GEM PATHS: - /Library/Ruby/Gems/2.6.0 - /Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/ruby/2.6.0 - /System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.6/usr/lib/ruby/gems/2.6.0 - GEM CONFIGURATION: - :update_sources => true - :verbose => true - :backtrace => false - :bulk_threshold => 1000 - REMOTE SOURCES: - https://rubygems.org/ - SHELL PATH: - /Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/ruby/2.6.0/bin - /usr/local/bin - /usr/bin - /bin - /usr/sbin - /sbin - /opt/X11/bin
I see that the
/Users/milenakiseleva/.gem/ruby/2.6.0/bin line has been added, which means that in my case everything is fine.
Note! Every time you update Ruby to a version with a different first two digits, you will need to update your path to match.
That’s it, you’re done. Now we have all the necessary tools installed for local work with websites built on the Jekyll platform. So simple isn’t it?
I hope this article helped you find out how to install the tools necessary to work with Jekyll locally. If this article has helped you then please leave a comment
Thanks for reading!
Milena is a web designer and illustrator. She spends her time translating our articles and wrote her own articles. Her personal website can be found at milenakiseleva.com.